페이지 정보작성자 Encyclopaedia 작성일21-04-04 00:00 조회5회 댓글0건
Mixture of fragrant substances, usually in liquid form, used to give agreeable scent to objects, air or living creatures
This article is about the fragrant substance. For other uses, see Perfume (disambiguation).
Perfume (UK: /ˈpɜːfjuːm/, US: /pərˈfjuːm/; French: parfum) is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds, fixatives and solvents, usually in liquid form, used to give the human body, animals, food, objects, and living-spaces an agreeable scent. The 1939 Nobel Laureate for Chemistry, Leopold Ružička claimed in 1945 that "right from the earliest days of scientific chemistry up to the present time perfumes have substantially contributed to the development of organic chemistry as regards methods, systematic classification, and theory."
￼A bottle of perfume by Yves Saint Laurent
Ancient texts and archaeological excavations show the use of perfumes in some of the earliest human civilizations. Modern perfumery began in the late 19th century with the commercial synthesis of aroma compounds such as vanillin or coumarin, which allowed for the composition of perfumes with smells previously unattainable solely from natural aromatics.
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